Medicine

The world may not meet tobacco reduction target, WHO warns

The world may not meet tobacco reduction target, WHO warns

'Measures that reduce the risks to heart health posed by tobacco include making all indoor public and workplaces completely smoke-free and promoting use of tobacco package warnings that demonstrate the health risks of tobacco'.

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide, estimated to be around 17 million deaths annually, while tobacco use and exposure to passive cigarette smoke contribute to about 12 per cent of all deaths caused by heart disease. Through this Strategy and the new Tobacco and Vaping Products Act, we can help people who use tobacco to stop and we can discourage others from starting.

According to him, "the tobacco epidemic is one of the biggest public health threats the world has ever faced, killing more than 7 million people each year".

In Africa, about 146,000 adults aged 30 and above die every year from tobacco related diseases, adding that when users die prematurely in their productive years, families lose loved ones and income, and economic development is negatively affected. More than 100 million of those live in India.On this month's World No Tobacco Day, most will have no option but to continue smoking cigarettes.

A new World Health Organization report reveals that tobacco wastes contains 7,000 toxic chemicals that poison the environment, including human carcinogens; tobacco smoke emissions contribute thousands of tons of human carcinogens, toxicants and greenhouse gasses to the environment. The combination of the two, coupled with a smoker's higher cholesterol level, lead to cardiovascular diseases.

Francois Bourdillon is the director of the public health agency.

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The American Cancer Society says these alternative tobacco products should be taxed just as high as cigarettes. More than 600,000 nonsmokers are dying each year from secondhand smoke wordwide and 1/3rd of them are children, he said.

"Although often associated with ill-health, disability and death from non-communicable chronic diseases, tobacco smoking is also associated with an increased risk of death from communicable diseases". The use of Bidis account for a significant proportion of tobacco use. Whether it is smoked, swallowed, or chewed, tobacco poses multiple health risks, including lung disease, heart disease, stroke, many types of cancer, and many more.

Change in smoking: The global prevalence of smokers has declined, but the absolute number of smokers has barely changed since the beginning of this century due to population growth.

More importantly, long-term smokers can use them as a substitute for traditional cigarettes to help in quitting the habit or, at least, switch to a less risky alternative. The advertising of tobacco products at the Olympic Games has also been outlawed since 1988.

Country response: Over half of all WHO Member States have reduced demand for tobacco, and nearly one in eight are likely to meet the 30% reduction target by 2025. According to him the 2010-2015 anti-smoking project eyed a decrease of 1.2-2 percent in number of smokers across the country every year.