N.Korea earned $200m despite United Nations sanctions

N.Korea earned $200m despite United Nations sanctions

But the report, which was submitted to the UN Security Council and seen by news agencies, said the North "continued to export nearly all the commodities prohibited in the resolutions... between January and September 2017".

United Nations (UN) monitors have accused North Korea of violating global sanctions placed on the country and earning nearly $200 million in 2017 from banned exports, Reuters reported Friday.

The UN Security Council in 2016 and 2017 adopted a series of resolutions to expand bans on North Korea exports created to cut off revenue to Pyongyang's nuclear and ballistic missile programs. They say they found another 23 shipments in potential violation following the United Nations outright banning North Korean coal exports on August 5. It has also allegedly supplied weapons to Syria and Myanmar.

THE UNITED NATIONS MONITORS, in the 213-page report, referring to North Korea by its official name, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

But despite the sanctions, the report reveals that China and Russian Federation allegedly received coal from North Korea - contradicting previous claims that both countries were adhering to terms of the sanctions.

The report said North Korea was helping Syria develop chemical weapons and was providing ballistic missiles to Myanmar.

Coal is also said to have been exported to several countries, including South Korea, using, quote, "a combination of multiple evasion techniques, routes and deceptive tactics".

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This sanction came after President Donald Trump signed an executive order in September that sought to isolate North Korea from the worldwide banking system while adding more pressure on its main industry and shipping, The New York Times reported. In 2013, Panamanian forces confiscated a North Korea-flagged ship after undeclared Cuban weapons and fighter jets from the Soviet era were found under sacks of sugar.

The report says the North used trans-shipment through third countries and fraudulent documentation to obscure the origin of the coal.

The experts said North Korea also exported $125 million of iron ore to China previous year in violation of sanctions. They said Malaysia reported one shipment to the council committee and the remaining 15 shipments violated sanctions.

Meanwhile, CNN said yesterday that its months-long investigation found a secret web of front companies involving North Korea and the African nation of Mozambique as well as military cooperation deals that violate sanctions. The UN monitors said all those shipments "would constitute a violation of the resolution, if confirmed". Its imports of crude oil and other petroleum products are also restricted.

The report said several multinational oil companies, which were not named, were also being investigated for roles in the supply chain of petroleum products transferred to North Korea.

Syria denied co-operation with North Korea on their chemical weapons programmes, saying that the only experts it was hosting from the country were involved in sports.