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United Nations experts: Iran violated arms embargo by sending weapons to Houthis

United Nations experts: Iran violated arms embargo by sending weapons to Houthis

The report seen by AFP on Friday does not identify the supplier of ballistic missiles fired at Saudi Arabia past year, but it says that missile debris inspected by the experts were of Iranian origin. Forces loyal to President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and the Saudi-led coalition have been fighting Houthi militias for control of the country.

The report presented to the UN Security Council on 9 January said: 'The panel has identified missile remnants, related military equipment and military unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that are of Iranian origin and were introduced into Yemen after the imposition of the targeted arms embargo'.

The drones were "virtually identical in design" to that of an Iranian-made UAV manufactured by the Iranian Aircraft Manufacturing Industries (Hesa), the report said.

It is the fifth long-range ballistic missile attack by the Yemeni Houthi rebels on the neighboring oil-rich Gulf state in two months.

During a security council meeting on December 19, USA ambassador Nikki Haley called the Houthis' firing of a ballistic missile earlier that day "a flashing red siren" and said the United States would push for action against Iran, but Russian Federation signalled its opposition.

He went on to urge the global community to adopt effective measures to force Iran into halting arms supplies to the terrorist groups.

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The 79-page report said that Iran is in non-compliance with paragraph 14 of resolution 2216 that imposed the ban on arms sales to Yemen in 2015.

The war has killed more than 10,000 Yemenis, mostly civilians, and pushed the country to the brink of mass starvation.

Urging all the conflicting parties to refrain from any actions that cause obstacles or that result in more suffering to the Yemeni people, McGoldrick added, "The lives of Yemenis, of whom more than 22 million - out of 27 million - need humanitarian aid, all depend on keeping ports open without interruption or delay".

Meanwhile, medical infrastructure has collapsed, and a cholera outbreak has affected 1 million people, the United Nations report said.

The report said the panel saw "no evidence" that either side took measures "to mitigate the devastating impact" of attacks on civilians.